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Narrow the scope of Chinese citizens the right to know state secrets

China's top legislature on the 29th vote, the State Secrets Law Amendment Bill. Since last June, China's NPC Standing Committee has already conducted three considered the revised draft. The existing State Secrets Law is implemented in 1989. 
The revised Privacy Act for the first time on the "state secrets" made a clear definition: "relating to matters of national security and interests, disclosure is likely to prejudice the State in the political, economic, defense, foreign affairs and other fields of security and interests, should be identified as state secrets. " 
Legal experts in Beijing said the amendments, the State Secrets Act narrowed the scope of the secret to improve the dense set of normative, scientific and accuracy of the information in the effective protection of national security, but also to promote open government information, and expand the citizen's right to know, participate and supervise, and enhanced transparency of government work. 
Chinese Academy of Social Sciences researcher Zhou Hanmin of Law, said the amendments are mainly to solve longstanding secrecy laws will close too many, will be allowed secret, secret level set too high, will be too close delegated authority, will be easy to decrypt the hard close and other issues. 
, "The revised Privacy Act is not only beneficial to the information age the work of state secrets conservative, but also help to improve government transparency and citizen's right to know." He said. 
The revised law on state secrets, confidential scope and classifications, will close permissions, set close procedures, confidentiality, supervision and management, legal liability, confidentiality and made a clear time limit and stringent requirements. 
It defines state secrets review system to provide organs and units shall periodically review the established state secrets, secrecy in matters of confidentiality limit the scope of internal adjustment is no longer a matter of state secret or open, will not endanger national security and interests, without remain confidential, it shall be declassified. 
It provides the central state organs, provincial agencies and their authorized agencies, units can determine the most confidential, secret levels and secret level state secrets; city divided into districts, autonomous prefecture-level agencies and authorized agencies, units can determine the secret level and secret level state secrets. Dense set of specific rights, the scope of authorization by the administrative department under the State Secrets. 
The law also stipulates that laws and administrative regulations in public matters, it shall be open; Unless otherwise specified, the top secret level not more than 30 years, the secret level not exceeding 20 years, the secret level is not more than 10 years. 
Peking University Law School professor Xi-zinc noted that the revised law to be confidential confidential Move the main level, will be more complex and intensive process norms, institutions, units will close the responsibility has been strengthened to prevent the disorder will close, these are from the source reduced the scope of state secrets. 
He said that with the continuous deepening of reform and opening up process, China and the world in increasing exchanges, which need to be clearly defined and narrow the scope of state secrets. In addition, because of confidentiality requires human, material and financial resources, are too broad and ambiguous state secrets, are also easily executor "insensitive" to the detriment of national security. 
The revised law also stipulates that confidentiality should not be secret fixed secret, will be held liable. "This is after the second trial, after three trial one of the biggest bright spot." Zhou Hanmin said. 
Communist Party Congress report clearly to protect the citizens right to information, participation, expression and supervise. May 1, 2008, China formally implemented the "Regulations on Open Government Information", to protect the citizens, legal persons and other organizations access to government information according to law, improve the transparency of government work and promote administration according to law.
In recent years, with the rapid development of computer information technology and widespread use in China has brought great challenges of national security cases of leakage occur. The revised special provisions of confidentiality laws, the Internet and other public information network operators, service providers should cooperate with public security organs, state security organs, prosecutors investigating the case of the leak. 
Analysts pointed out that countries in the world attach great importance to network security issues, for example, in 2003, the United States to promote the comprehensive development of network security, improve network monitoring, combating cyber crime and respond to network security threats. 
In addition, the large number of national information is encrypted and can not be decrypted, impeding the normal flow of information and access to the citizens right to information can not be met. 
Xi-Zn said that the revision of the law on secrecy is in such context, it also reflects the expectations of open government information, "'confidential' and 'open' is the two sides of a coin, only the relationship between the two is handled well, can really solve the problem. "(participation have written Reporter: Wang Jianhua, Li Yun Road, Enditem, Wei Min Li)

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